How to change tires

Changing car tires is a relatively simple task that, if you own a car or truck, it can be assumed you will have to preform at some point. Usually on the side of the road after a tire becomes flat. Luckily, most cars will have all the basic tools required to change a tire and the skills needed are not extravagant.

In the truck you will find the spare tire, a screw jack, a tire iron and a the jack’s handle. It’s best if the car or truck is on a relatively flat surface, move it to one if you can. next, find the flat tire, this should be the easiest part. Next, find the hard point on the cars frame near the flat tire. Newer cars have fiberglass bodies and you can’t jack the car up just anywhere. The hard point is a place near the tire where the jack can be placed right on the frame and you can safely jack up the car. Position the jack under the hard point and screw the jack up so it fits snugly. Insert the handle and continue cranking until weight starts coming off the tire but the tire is not quite off the ground.

Once weight is off the tire, but the tire doesn’t freely spin, it’s time to remove the lug nuts. Remove the hubcap (if there is one) to gain access to the lug nuts and loosen them one at a time, picking one across from each other, not right beside each other. This is called a cross pattern. Once the nuts are loose, continue cranking the car up until the tire spins freely. Finish removing the lug nuts, remove and replace the tire and fit the lug nuts back on. Crank the car back down until the tire no longer spins freely, but there is not significant weight on it. Tighten the lug nuts in the same cross pattern. Replace the hub cap, lower the car and clean up, you’re finished!

It should be noted that most spares are not meant to travel long distances and the old tire should be replaced as soon as possible. Also, any tire changed should have the lug nuts tightened again after 100 KM to minimize the risk of wear loosening them dangerously.